Author Archives: kieranmcknight

Beginners Guide to Spiritual Gifts – Myth Busters

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It was great to see some discussion on the last blog post regarding some issues that we will get to in the coming days and weeks. In today’s blog we will be looking at the definition of spiritual gifts and we will be looking at some of the most common myths that Storms comments on in chapter 2 of his book.

Firstly storms begins this chapter explaining why it is important to understand what spiritual gifts mean according  to the Greek  He looked at four Greek words in particular. He stresses that understanding these four Greek words we will have a fuller understanding of spiritual gifts. The words are as follows and i will use the definitions that Storms uses in my own words:

Charisma: One of the most popular terms that the Apostle Paul uses to discuss what we call spiritual gifts. It is the plural of the word charismata where we obviously get the word ‘charismatic.’ Charisma is a word that describes the amazing grace of God and something Gods grace has given, or resulted in. An example of a charisma would be that we are given eternal life.

Pneumatikon: This word translates as “spirituals” in other words spiritual things, Paul uses this word in 1 Cor 12:1, but 3 verses later Paul reverts back to the word charisma. This is by no means denying that these gifts are from the Holy Spirit or that they are not ‘spritual’ but he is stressing the point that they are a result of Gods grace towards us.  The conclusion is then, is that all gifts from God be tongues or hospitality, prophecy or administration are ‘charismatic’ gifts. Storms concludes “Hence, in one sense, all Christians are charismatic.”

Diakonia: Unlike charisma which points to the origin of gifts, diaknoia (translated as ‘ministries’) points to the purpose of the gifts. The gifts are privileges which are not to be abused. They are there to serve the wider body. “Gifts are not for personal adornment, status, power or popularity.”

Energema: A term used to describe the effects of the Holy Spirit. Spiritual gifts are “energized” through the Holy Spirit who gives power to the believer. “Gifts then are the concrete operations of divine energy through individual believers.”

Hopefully I have faithfully summarized what Storms was trying to communicate. Basically his point was that there is one Spirit who gives many gifts. “Gifts come through the same Spirit… according to the same Spirit…by the same Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is Sovereign in his distribution of gifts and he is sovereign over the with holding of them. All of this is dependant on what God wants to do at a particular time in His church. Storms speaks out against those who would ‘claim’ gifts and says it is essential that “we submit to His sovereign will.” He says:

“When we put these words together, we discover that all spiritual gifts (charismata) are acts of service or ministry (diakonia), which are produced (energema) through the triune God.(pneuma)”

I hope that what i have said makes some sort of sense… Storms then moves on to look at (what he thinks are) myths and misconceptions surrounding the area of spiritual gifts. He looks at the following:

1) Only ordained pastors or other super-saints have miraculous spiritual gifts. Right?

2) When you are converted, you got all the gifts you will ever get. Right?

3) Miraculous gifts were given to primarily to authenticate apostles. Right?

4) Seeking spiritual gifts means you probably don’t believe in the sovereignty of God. Right?

5) If people abuse spiritual gifts, they should cease to use spiritual gifts. Right?

6) If you ever use a spiritual gift you can always use it. Right?

7) Spiritual gifts aren’t necessary now that we have the Bible. Right?

8) Spiritual gifts always operate at consistent levels of intensity and accuracy. Right?

9) Those with spectacular gifts are more spiritual. Right?

10) The only spiritual gifts God will ever give are those explicitly mentioned in the bible. Right?

Sams 10 myths make for some good reading. All of them are very interesting indeed. I find myself agreeing with a good bit of what he says however there are a few areas where I also had reservations. For the sake of time I will look at 3 of Sam’s myths. Many of the issues raised (particularly relating to Apostolic era and revelatory gifts) will be addressed later as we progress through the book. So we will look at the following:

  • When you are converted, you got all the gifts you will ever get. Right?
  • If people abuse spiritual gifts, they should cease to use spiritual gifts. Right?
  • The only spiritual gifts God will ever give are those explicitly mentioned in the bible. Right?

When you are converted, you got all the gifts you will ever get. Right?

Storms argues adamantly that this is wrong. He challenges us to name one verse that you could get that idea from.  He says: “We are told to seek or pursue spiritual gifts that we desire but don’t yet have. In fact, its not only biblical but it is mandatory. To a Christian audience, Paul wrote ‘Pursue love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophecy.’ This is not mere permission or even a suggestion; it is a command. If you are not earnestly desiring spiritual gifts- especially prophecy- then you are disobeying an apostolic imperative!” Storms goes on to show a whole pile of verses where Christians are encouraged to seek spiritual gifts. I think Storm is correct. At conversion we are baptized in the Spirit (not getting into this discussion today!!!) but that does not mean that we are going to have all the gifts we will ever have. God may give us gifts for a particular season in our lives or for a particular task he has called us to. Are you eagerly desiring spiritual gifts? Am I?

If people abuse spiritual gifts, they should cease to use spiritual gifts. Right?

Sam begins:

“I find it nothing short of remarkable that a church obsessed and glutted with spiritual gifts; to a church awash in spiritual gifts (see 1 cor 1:5-7); indeed, to a church who had abused spiritual gifts, Paul wrote ‘Earnestly desire spiritual gifts’ (1 cor 14:1) This is stunning if only because it is so different from the sort of counsel we might have given the Corinthians!”

Storms goes on to talk about the church at Corinth. He points out that they had misunderstood spiritual gifts and there was great abuse of them. He then goes on to ponder how we would have dealt with the issue. He suggests we would ask them to slow down, turn their focus from these things and stop seeking after them. But how did Paul deal with it? To a church carried away in the charismata, Paul urges them to actively seek more. “In a situation where we might have doused their zeal with water, Paul appears to pour gasoline on the fire.” The problem in Corinth was sinful people. Not using gifts of the Spirit was not the answer. “The solution to abuse is not disuse, but proper use.”

Sam reminds us that there is many fake signs and wonders in churches, that there is a lot of nonsense and folly out there. However he encourages us, “As hard as it may be for us, we must remember that the existence of a fake is not proof of the nonexistence of the real.” Sam goes on to think about how many people formulate their theology as a result of the ugliness they see in other churches. Our theology should be informed from the beauty of the bible not upon a reaction to those who have abused or fabricated an experience or a good gift from God.

Often our reaction (in the reformed/conservative camp at least) can be to take a step back from anything moderately ‘Charismatic.’ Perhaps our reaction should be to prayerfully ponder what is going on, what if we really sought after the Holy Spirit. How would that change us? How would we react if a ‘charismatic’ gift was used in our church? would we take time to think about it, pray about it, discuss it? Or would we shut it down? Well Storms point here is, just because others do it poorly that doesn’t mean that we should neglect it.

The only spiritual gifts God will ever give are those explicitly mentioned in the bible. Right?

This is one I have the biggest reservations about. There are lots of question marks which are left as a result of Storms answer. To be fair Storms does admit from the outset that he is not as convinced that this is a myth than he is the others,and he admits that he has to be very careful with this particular answer. He goes on to list all the spiritual gifts mentioned in the Bible and then questions:

“But are these lists exhaustive? What about intercession? Is it a spiritual gift to have the capacity to intercede with almost ceaseless energy, resulting in a track record of answered prayers? What about other ministries and activities not listed as among the charismata, such as effectiveness in deliverance? I’v known people who have a remarkable and extraordinary anointing to help others experience freedom from demonic oppression.”

He goes on to ponder and question:

“Might there not be new situations, new needs, differing circumstances in differing times and places that call for a wider array of manifestations of the Spirit than those Paul described in his own day?”

I firmly believe that God can and does equip his Church for every circumstance, situation and age. However this answer that Storms provides does not quite sit right with me. In all his other answers there has been a plethora of biblical evidence, however in this answer the biblical evidence is very sparse.  However Storms does conclude:

“If there are other gifts that God gives, they must conform to the same principles and rules of practice set forth in the Bible by which all gifts are judged. “

To conclude

I know… its been a long post!

Overall storms really has raised some very interesting points. The myths that he presents responses to are all very interesting. All of them (excluding the last one) have been answered very well in a way that is respectful to both charismatics and cessationsists alike. I appreciate how Storms doesn’t dazzle us with lots of stories of charismatic practice and experience but instead  digs into the bible and takes what it has to say seriously. This Book s far has been very interesting. It challenges charismatics to think more biblicaly about how the gifts are operated and it encourages cessationsist not to have their theology informed by the ugliness of some charismatic practice.

Please feel free to leave a comment.

Next time: Words of Wisdom and Knowledge

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The Beginners Guide to Spiritual Gifts – When Power Comes to the Church

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As mentioned in my last blog, I am beginning a series reviewing Sam Storms book, The Beginners Guide to Spiritual Gifts. Today we get the ball rolling with chapter one.

Sam kicks off the book by sharing about the many things that he is encouraged by in the western church he lists; attendance and giving are up (american context), there is more and more conferences, sales of christian books steadily increase, small groups are becoming more and more popular and Christians are beginning to find their voices in the public arena.

But the tables soon turn:

“Preachers teach the Bible, and people snore. Homemakers share their faith and it falls on deaf ears. Lives get broken but rarely get fixed. Bodies are suffering, yet few are healed. Marriages are dying, and people just give up. Temptations are faced, and sin flourishes. The poor are hungry and stay that way.”

Tough words! Are they true? Probably.

Storms argues that most Christian leaders are thinking along those lines. He admits that there is a wide range of opinions and solutions floating around, but Storms spends the remainder of this chapter sharing his opinion of why this is (to an extent). You’ve probably guessed what his solution is from the title of the book:

“My conclusion is this: The real problems, the painful struggles and our diminishing impact wont be solved short of a fresh infusion of power- no just any power, mind you, but spiritual power, the kind of power that the human flesh can’t produce and education can’t conceive and revamped programs cant’t strategize. The Church desperately needs the power of her Lord and the energy and activity of the Holy Spirit.”

I read that and my heart cries “Amen!”. We need the same Spirit who regenerated us to continue His work in us. We need the Holy Spirit to work deeply in us so that we can grow in holiness. We need the Holy Spirit to be illuminating the scriptures to us.  We need the same Spirit to be applying our theology to our hearts. The same Spirit needs to speak through us in order for our words to contain any power. No seeker sensitive programs will work; there only is one seeker. As a Church we need the power of the Holy Spirit.

The ceasing of Cessationism; Sam continues by sharing his story with his readers. He tells us that there was a time that he would not be able to write the book. He reveals that for the first 15 years of his pastoral ministry he was a cessationist (meaning- miraculous gifts of the Spirit ceased in the first century). Sam actually wrote a book about cessationism early on in his ministry.  Storms stresses that his theological shift was not down to a miracle or a healing or anything like that. Talking about his shift from cessationionism he says “in the solitude and safety of my office, I became convinced that the bible didn’t teach it.”

One of the biggest reasons Storms rejected the Spritiual gifts in the early part of his ministry was to do with embarrassment.

“I didn’t like the way they dressed. I didn’t like the way they spoke. I was offended by their lack of sophistication and their overbearing flamboyance. I was disturbed by their flippant disregard for theological precision and their excessive displays of emotional exuberance.”

He goes on to share some of his fears:

“My opposition to spiritual gifts was also energized by fear- the fear of emotionalism; the fear of fanaticism; the fear of the unfamiliar; the fear of rejection by those whose respect I cherished and whose friendship I did not want to forfeit; the fear of what might occur were I fully to relinquish control of my life and my mind and my emotions to the Holy Spirit; the fear of loosing what little status in the evangelical community my hard work had attained.”

I think this perhaps is an issue for many. People have a fear of being labeled or put into some sort of category. We are afraid what people will say or think. Perhaps this is down to our church circles being too narrow. Often we only associate with churches that are “just like us.” I think this tendency is gradually changing. Our circles are beginning to widen. We are beginning to work along side churches that have a different style or structure, and  even churches that disagree on some non-essential doctrines. But the issue still remains, there is a fear of been put in a particular camp and what that would mean for ones reputation.

Sam admits:

” In my pride I had allowed certain extremes to exercise more of an influence on the shape of my ministry than I did the text of scripture.”

The chapter is ended with some words of advice and caution about spiritual gifts:

“There’s a crucial principal we need to understand from the outset: Spiritual gifts are not God bestowing to his people something external to himself. They are not some tangible ‘stuff’ or substance separable from God. Spiritual gifts are nothing less than God himself in us, energizing our souls, imparting revelation to our minds, infusing power in our wills, and working his sovereign and gracious purposes through us. Spiritual gifts must never be viewed deistically, as if a God ‘out there’ has sent some ‘thing’ to us ‘down here.’ Spiritual gifts are God’s present in, with, and through human thought, human deeds, human words, human love.”

So far i have really enjoyed this book and it has really got me thinking. Stroms writes in a very warm and honest way and I look forward to reading what he has to say about spiritual gifts over the coming days and weeks. However one thing that Storms said in this chapter has set the ‘alarm bells’ off, he claims that spiritual gifts are not a secondary issue. He says “In affirming them (the gifts), we welcome Him. In denying them, we deny Him.’ This seams rather strong, hopefully Storms will clarify as the book goes on.

Next time: Myth Busters – Spiritual Gifts

“The Spirit is the first power we practically experience, but the last power we come to understand.” – Oswald Chambers


The Beginner’s Guide to Spiritual Gifts

I haven’t had the the opportunity to blog in quite some time. Things have been rather busy lately.

Today I want to being a series of blog posts on the work of the Holy Spirit. My last blog post on this subject, My Journey into the Gifts of the Holy Spirit received lots of views and many people commented to me privately that they appreciated it. So as I dig deeper into the subject I thought it would be good to share with everyone what I was thinking and reading. Over the next few weeks I am going to blog through Sam Storms book – The Beginners Guide to Spiritual Gifts.  This book discusses all sorts about the work of the Holy Spirit, but primarily aims to look biblically at the most controversial gifts. The book covers; healing, tongues and interpretation, prophecy, words of knowledge/wisdom, distinguishing of spirits and much much more.

My aim for this series of blogs is that as I work through the book, I’ll blog on each chapter, reviewing what is said and adding my thoughts, questions and concerns, hopefully coming to a fuller understanding about what I think about the above listed gifts. I hope that this series is of interest to you, that you will engage in the discussion and that when we have finished working through this series you too would be blessed.

So, a few words about Sam Storms. Sam describes himself as:

“I am an Amillennial, Calvinistic, charismatic, credo-baptistic, complementarian, Christian Hedonist who loves his wife of 40 plus years, his two daughters, his four grandchildren, books, baseball, movies, and all things Oklahoma University.

I am incredibly blessed to serve as Lead Pastor for Preaching and Vision at Bridgeway Church, Oklahoma City, OK and as President of Enjoying God Ministries.”

sam-stormsI really appreciate Sam Storms. On most things we seem to be on the same page. I have recently finished reading One Thing which is stocked by 10 of Those, so you know its got to be kosher. One Thing is basically an easier to understand version of John Pipers – Desiring God.  I have benefited a lot by listening to Storms’ sermons and reading his blog.

However I also have my concerns. At one point Sam was involved with the Kansas City Prophets, a quick Google will highlight the many abuses of this group. For some time Storms was the assistant pastor of a church lead by Mike Bickle who is now the leader of IHOP in KC.  So I guess there is going to be things that I will disagree with… However I hope that there will be lots of useful stuff for us to chew on.

To finish this blog I have attached a video by Desiring God where Storms is talking about Spiritual Gifts.


Preacher, be like the Naughty Kid!!!

Bart_SimpsonCame across this quote from Robert Capton:

I think good preachers should be like bad kids. They ought to be naughty enough to tiptoe up on dozing congregations, steal their bottles of religion pills…and flush them all down the drain. The church, by and large, has drugged itself into thinking that proper human behavior is the key to its relationship with God. What preachers need to do is force it to go cold turkey with nothing but the word of the cross–and then be brave enough to stick around while [the congregation] goes through the inevitable withdrawal symptoms. But preachers can’t be that naughty or brave unless they’re free from their own need for the dope of acceptance. And they wont be free of their need until they can trust the God who has already accepted them, in advance and dead as door-nails, in Jesus. Ergo, the absolute indispensability of trust in Jesus’ passion. Unless the faith of preachers is in that alone–and not in any other person, ecclesiastical institution, theological system, moral prescription, or master recipe for human loveliness–they will be of very little use in the pulpit.

Thought this quote was great!

Dont know anything about Capton but according to Tchividjian  he has some dodgy theology of the atonement.

H/T Tullian Tchividjian 


My friend posted this very thought provoking blog. What do you think?


A Letter about Gay Marriage…

John Steven’s wrote a letter to all the MP’s urging them to vote no to the plans to redefine marriage. I came across this letter today on the FIEC website:

Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill

I am writing in my capacity as the National Director of the Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches, on behalf of our 510 churches across the country, to urge you to vote against the Government Bill introducing same-sex marriage in England and Wales. The overwhelming majority of members of our churches – together with the other 5.5million evangelical Christians, 5.3million Catholics, 1.98 million Muslims and 0.58 million Hindus*, not to mention other Christians, orthodox Jews and even some atheists and agnostics – believe that it would be wrong and dangerous to introduce this momentous change. It will benefit only a tiny minority of the population, and undermine rather than advance equality and tolerance in our country.

We believe that the redefinition of marriage should be rejected for at least the following compelling reasons:

1) There is no democratic mandate for this change
The introduction of same-sex marriage was not included in the manifesto of any party at the last general election, and the consultation process failed to show that the English and Welsh population are substantially in favour. In any event, the consultation process failed to include the proposed introduction of religious same-sex marriage.

2) It will not achieve equality
If the legislation is passed, same-sex couples will have a choice between a legal framework which is exclusive to gay couples (civil partnerships) and redefined marriage. Heterosexual couples will have no legal framework which is exclusively for them. How does this achieve equality? The proposal that only the Church of England and Church in Wales should be provided with specific statutory protection against conducting same-sex marriage ceremonies is also fundamentally unequal. Why is this protection not extended to mosques, orthodox synagogues, Catholic churches and evangelical churches which want to ensure that they are never required to conduct gay weddings?

3) It is unnecessary
The introduction of civil partnerships already enables gay couples to express their commitment to each other and confers exactly the same legal entitlements as traditional marriage. When civil partnerships were introduced the government granted assurances that they would not lead to same-sex marriage.

4) It will redefine marriage for all
The proposed legislation does not merely extend the right of marriage to same-sex couples, but redefines the essence of marriage, which has been enshrined in English law for centuries. The fundamental concepts of non-consummation and adultery will be amended or abolished so as to address the nature of gay relationships. The legislation will thus redefine marriage for every heterosexual couple.

5) It will undermine the liberties and freedoms of religious believers
Most significantly the proposed legislation will undermine the religious and civil liberties of the very large proportion of the population who believe, in conscience, that marriage can only be between a man and a woman. The Government has made clear that it cannot guarantee that the proposed “quadruple lock” will protect churches in future from having to conduct gay weddings, because it may be overridden by the European Court. The Government has also made clear that it cannot guarantee the protection of the numerous public and private sector employees who cannot for religious reasons accept, support or affirm that same-sex relationships are truly “marriage,” especially teachers who may be required to teach the validity of same-sex marriage as part of the curriculum. It ought to be a fundamental human right, and a liberty essential to religious freedom, to be free to believe that homosexual practice is morally wrong and that same-sex marriage is not truly marriage, and to be entitled not to recognise, affirm and accept same-sex relationships as “marriage.”

For all these reasons I urge you to vote against this proposed legislation, even though you may not share the religious beliefs of those who consider the introduction of same sex marriage to be contrary to the will of God as we do. The current law draws a fair and appropriate balance between the legitimate aspiration of gay couples to enjoy legal recognition for their relationships by means of civil partnerships, but without imperilling the religious liberties of millions of citizens. The introduction of same-sex marriage will destroy this careful balance with unknown long-term consequences for the freedom of religious believers.

The Government’s own figures indicate that only 6000 couples a year are expected to take advantage of same-sex marriage. Why should the long established rights and freedoms of millions of British citizens be undermined to address a perceived unfairness to a tiny minority, who already enjoy full civil rights through the regime that has been specially introduced for them?

Those MPs who vote to support this proposed legislation will find that many religious voters will choose to withdraw their support from them at the next election. I will certainly be encouraging our church members not to vote for MPs who have chosen to trample upon their religious freedoms and liberties.

Yours sincerely,
John Stevens
FIEC National Director

*figures from www.operationworld.org


Heard of 20 Schemes?

For a number of months I have been following the Facebook updates of 20 Schemes headed up by Mez McConnell and i have been encouraged by the momentum which seems to be building up around this great gospel work.

The Mission

Building Healthy Gospel centered churches for Scotland’s poorest communities

Our long term desire is to see Scotland’s housing schemes transformed by the gospel of Jesus Christ through the planting of gospel-preaching churches, ultimately led by a future generation of indigenous church leaders.

To that end we will initiate a church planting and revitalization effort by recruiting training supporting and sending church planters,female outreach workers,ministry apprentices and short term interns to work part of church planting teams within Scotland’s housing schemes.

We believe that building healthy, gospel preaching churches in Scotland’s poorest communities will bring true, sustainable and long-term renewal to Scotland’s schemes.

Goals: How will we do this?

  1. Identify 20 schemes as priority areas
  2. Identify, where possible, church revitalization partners in those schemes
  3. Recruit Church Planters, Female Outreach Workers, and Ministry Apprentices to send into those schemes
  4. Develop church partners to support and resource our work in the schemes.
  5. Invest in indigenous leaders by providing training, resources and support

Do join with me in praying for the work of 20 Schemes, that God would reveal himself to many in Scotland poorest communities, that he would raise up leaders in these areas and that His Church would flourish.

Below is a very moving testimony of Mez who heads up 20 Schemes: